Mysterious Witch`s Well
Published: 22:10 21 October 2019
In the modern era, wells are hardly seen. In some ancient places or near old houses some are merely seen yet. Maybe many of us heard the technique of collecting water of the well from the old person of our family. So, when we hear the word ‘Well’, a scene of taking water using bucket through rope, appears before us. But, have you ever imagined such a well where water is flowing out automatically? The thing may seem surprising or unnatural. But it has real existence.
The well’s name is Witch’s Well which is located at Tuihala village in northern Estonia. The well is known to all because of its odd habit to overflow with water. For thousands of years, it has been exciting the locals and visitors of this region. Generally, the water exists in 2.5 m depth. However, when spring comes water starts pouring out from the well and floods the area. It usually happens in early spring, when the snow melts and there is a lot of heavy rain.
Witches’ Well is located in the 3,000 years old settlement of Tahula, which represents an ancient Estonian folk tale on it.
In the pre-Christian period, Estonians were the follower of animistic religions: Taaraism, whose god Tharapita was worshiped in forest groves, and Maausk, which translates as “faith of the earth.” Their god was in nature. Although Estonians are quick to dismiss modern religions, ancient beliefs like these are still embedded in the Estonian culture: over 50% of Estonians say they do believe in a certain spirit or life force, however ill-defined.
Though a long time has been passed, ancient beliefs survived in the form of folk tales. In tales, the sins of humans resonate in nature — lakes fly away to punish greedy villagers, or forests wander off in the night, never to return. Trees demand the respect of a tipped hat, and holes in the ground must be fed with coins. Locals thought exists, 15 underground rivers flow through a maze of caverns, audible but unseen by human inhabitants.
According to another legend, the witches of Tuhala gather in the sauna underground and beats each other vigorously with birch branches, oblivious to the commotion they create on the surface.
But, basically, the water starts to spout up and flood the area when excess water from the Mahtra swamp fills up the underground river and the overflowing river water seeks an escape through the well. The quantity of water flowing through the Tuhala River must be at least 5000 liters per second in order for the river to overflow. A wooden cap has been placed over the natural hole, so even though it can be damaging, the Witch’s Well certainly looks like it has caged a witch inside of its depths. Water erupts for only a short period of time and not every year. It usually happens in late March or early April.
Scientists explain that this phenomenon occurs when the Tuhala River is overwhelmed and its underground systems can't handle the amount of water. In order for the well to overflow the river must exceed a volume of over 5,000 liters per second. Local people blame witches for this, thus came the name "Witches' Well". Whatever you believe in, this well is worth visiting.
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