Ghaseti Begum didn’t get shelter in Bangla’s soil

Ghaseti Begum didn’t get shelter in Bangla’s soil

Abdur Rahman

Published: 23:24 5 October 2019  



Meherunnesa Begum is not a very popular figure in history. But the name Ghaseti Begumis very popular to all. She has got a place in history as a symbol of the scheming woman because of her conspiracy against Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah. After that, she mostly had known as Ghaseti Begum than her real name Meherunnesa Begum. Basically, Ghashti Begum was the nickname of Meherunnesa Begum.

Ghaseti Begum was the eldest of the three daughters of Nawab Alivardi Khan. The nawab had three daughters — Meherunnesa Begum, Maimuna Begum, and Amina Begum — married to the three sons of his elder brother Haji Ahmed.

Ghaseti was married to Nawazish Muhammad Shahmat Jang who was appointed the Naib-e-Nazim of Dhaka. The eldest daughter of Alivardi had used her position of influence to amass vast fortunes. Childless Nawazish and Ghaseti had adopted Ikramuddaula, the younger brother of Siraj ud-Daulah. The prince died of smallpox at a very early age. And after the death of Ikramuddaula, Nawazish survived a few days.

Ghaseti inherited the wealth of her husband, which along with her earlier accumulated fortune, she stored in the Motijheel Palace, which was heavily guarded by her trusted troops.

Meanwhile, Nawab had nominated Siraj ud-Daulah, son of his youngest daughter. Ghaseti conspired against the nomination and tried to place Shawkat Jang, son of her second sister instead of Siraj ud-Daulah.

However, Siraj ud-Daulah ascended the masnad after his grandfather’s death and almost immediately took steps against Ghaseti, whom he placed in confinement. He also demanded a statement of the Dhaka treasury from Rajballabh who failed to send a correct statement. His son Krishnaballabh took shelter in the East India Company’s Fort William in Kolkata. The Nawab sent a letter to Roger Drake, the English governor of Kolkata, asking him to hand over Krishnaballabh to him.

Mir Jafar Ali Khan, chief of Alivardi’s army, also felt uneasy at the accession of Siraj ud-Daulah. Ghaseti leagued herself secretly with Mir Jafar. She distributed money lavishly wherever she thought it would be effectual against Siraj. Jagat Sheth and Umichand, the merchants also joined hands with Ghaseti and Mir Jafar. The common aim of these conspirators was to remove Siraj ud-Daulah.

After the Battle of Plassey, Siraj ud-Daulah was murdered and Mir Jafar made Nawab by the British. Mir Jafar first imprisoned Ghaseti along with Amina Begum, the mother of the fallen nawab in Murshidabad.

Thereafter, they were shifted to Dhaka and interned in the Jinjira Palace. Miran, son of Mir Jafar considered Ghaseti a dangerous enemy even in prison. Ghaseti and Amina Begum were ordered to be shifted to Murshidabad by Miran. They had left the Jinjira Palace with the rubble of the boat but never reached in Murshidabad.  It is said that they were drowned in the Buriganga. As a result, she didn’t get shelter in the soil of Bangla-Bihar-Orissa even after her death.